Go to content Go to menu
 


DUA TAWASAL' AND IMPORTANCES

INTRODUCTION:.... ALLAMA MAJLISI (ra) NE FARMAYA HE KAY BE^Z MUATBAR KITABO MAIN MUHAMMAD BIN BAB^WYA SE NAQAL KIYA GAYA HE K UNHO NE ES DUAE TAWASAL KO AA^EMA (as) SE RIWAYAT KI HE OUR UNHO NE KAHA  K ES KO MAINE KISI MUAMLE MAIN NHN PARHA MAGAR ES KI QABOOLIYAT KA ASR JALDI PAYA HE..                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Tawassul

The term Tawassul means the seeking of God's help and response through something beloved to Him.

There are many ways of performing Tawassul, as mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah, one may make mention of the names and attributes of God (See 99 Names of Allah) or a good deed one has done, a blessed time such as Ramadhan. One could also ask someone alive to make du'a to God on one's behalf.
[edit]
Patience

In Islam, to be hasty in du'a is said to be a cause of rejection of du'a. The concept of hastiness is described in the following hadith.

It was asked, "O Messenger of God?...What does it mean to be hasty?" Prophet Muhammad responded "A worshipper says, 'I have prayed and prayed , and I don't yet see that it will be accepted; so he gives up hope of being answered, and leaves du'a'.[9]

Basically this means that a person makes du'a and it does not get answered right away so a person gives up and stops asking for it. The type of hastiness that is forbidden in Islam is that a person leaves du'a, thinking that God will not respond to it. In Islam, Muslims are instructed to not give up du'a because they do not see a response immediately. This can be supported by verses in the Quran and Hadiths. In Surah Al-Anbiya Verse 19 it says:

Unto Him belongeth whosoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those who dwell in His presence are not too proud to worship Him, nor do they weary; [10]

Muhammad is reported to have said: "You will be responded to as long as you are not hasty (meaning that you give up du'a)"[11]

The word hasty is used because it means that a person is hasty in expecting a response.
[edit]
Purity

In Islam, in order for a person's du'a to be accepted by God, it must be for something pure and good.
[edit]
Good Intentions

In Islam it is imperative that a person making du'a have the best of intention for whatever he or she is asking. An example would be if someone asks for an increase in wealth, they should intend with that increase in wealth to spend more on the poor and on their relatives.
[edit]
Attentive Heart

Muhammad is reported to have said, "Make du'a to God in a state that you are certain that your du'a will be responded to, and know that God does not respond to a du'a that originates from a negligent, inattentive heart"[12]

According to this hadith, a Muslim is instructed to make du'a with a mindful heart. A Muslim should be aware of what he is saying and should believe in his or her heart that their du'a will be responded to by God.
[edit]
Sustenance

It states in the Quran in Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 200:

So when ye have accomplished your holy rites, celebrate the praises of God, as ye used to celebrate the praises of your fathers,- yea, with far more Heart and soul. There are men who say: "Our Lord! Give us (Thy bounties) in this world!" but they will have no portion in the Hereafter. [13]

Again and moreover Muhammad is reported to have said, "O People! God is al-Tayyib (pure), and He only accepts that which is pure! God has commanded the Messengers, for He said, 'O Messengers! Eat from the pure foods, and do right.' Furthermore he said, 'O you who believe! Eat from the pure and good foods we have given you.' Then Prophet Hazrat Muhammad mentioned a traveller on a long journey, who is dishevelled and dusty, and he stretches forth his hands to the sky, saying, 'O my Lord! O my Lord!', While his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothing is unlawful, and he is nourished unlawfully; how can he be answered?"[14]

The Hadith above describes a man who earned his money by cheating other people. His money was impure so therefore everything he purchased with his money became impure. His clothes, drink, and food were all purchased with that money which was considered impure, so his clothes, drink and food were all considered impure. According to the above hadith, in Islam a person's du'a will not be accepted by God if he earns unlawful money.

The hadith also stresses that according to Islam, anyone who eats impure foods, such as pork, will have his or her du'a rejected by God.
[edit]
Non-interference

In Islam there is no specific time of day to which making du'a is restricted. In Islam, if something more important comes up than du'a, then that takes precedence. What is more important than du'a is defined by the Quran and Sunnah. Some examples include the call to prayer. If the adhan is called, in Islam one must respond to it. Another example is if a person is making du'a, and his or her parents call him or her for assistance, then responding to his or her parents takes precedence over du'a. This means a person must stop making du'a when he or she hears the adhan or the parents calling him or her, to respond. In Islam, the rights of the parents are great and are emphasized greatly in the Quran and Hadiths.
[edit]
Why Duas are not answered

There are various reasons due to which Du'as, supplications and invocations are not accepted.
[edit]
Authentic or Confirmed reasons
[edit]
Impatience

Allah rejects supplications if the worshipper is hasty or does not have patience.
It was asked, "O Messenger of God?...What does it mean to be hasty?" Prophet Muhammad responded "A worshipper says, 'I have prayed and prayed , and I don't yet see that it will be accepted; so he gives up hope of being answered, and leaves du'a'.
(Hadith narrated by Muslim from Abu Hurayrah, as mentioned in sahih al-Jami #7705)
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (Radiallhu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) said: “(The Dua) of any one of you will be answered so long as he is not hasty in seeking a response and does not say, ‘I prayed but I have not had a response.’” [Narrated by al-Bukhari, 5981; Muslim, 2735] [15] [16]
“A person’s Dua will continue to be answered so long as he does not pray for something sinful or for the breaking of family ties.” Narrated by Muslim. [17]


[edit]
Change oneself first

Allah said: “…Verily, Allah will not change the (good) conditions of a people as long as they do not change their state (of goodness) themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allah)” (Al-Qur'an, Sura 13 Ra'd , part of Verse 11)
[edit]
Praising God

One reported Hadith relates as follows,

Once a man said, "O God, forgive me and have mercy and have mercy on me!" This was after the man had finished two raka'ats. Prophet Muhammad said, "You have been hasty, O worshipper! When you finish your prayer, then sit down and praise God with the praise that he is worthy of, and pray upon me, then state your du'a..." [18]


[edit]
If worshipper thinks Dua will not be answered

Muhammad is reported to have said, "Make du'a to God in a state that you are certain that your du'a will be responded to, and know that God does not respond to a du'a that originates from a negligent, inattentive heart"( Hadith narrated by al-Tirmidhi and al-Hakim from Abu-Hurayrah and authenticated by al-Albani in sahih al-Jami ) [19]
Not thinking positively of Allah may have invocations unanswered. Muhammad said: “Allah, may He be exalted, says: ‘I am as My slave thinks I am.’” [Narrated by al-Bukhari, 7405; Muslim, 4675] [20]
[edit]
Sinful or Haram Income and food

Muhammad made mention of a person who travels widely, his hair dishevelled, and covered with dust. “He lifts his hands and makes supplication, ‘O Lord, O Lord,’ but his diet is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, and his clothes are unlawful, and his nourishment is unlawful. How then can his supplication be accepted?” [21] (Similar version in Hadith reported by Ahmad, Muslim, and al-Tirmidhi from Abu Hurayrah, as mentioned in sahih al-Jami #2744) “A person’s Dua will continue to be answered so long as he does not pray for something sinful or for the breaking of family ties.” Narrated by Muslim. [22]


[edit]
Asking for something sinful

Abu Hurayrah (R.A) said that The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him) said: “A person’s Dua will continue to be answered so long as he does not pray for something sinful or for the breaking of family ties.” Narrated by Muslim [2]
A dua for something that is haram cannot be made and will not be fulfilled. We cannot ask for that which is forbidden in Islam. Such duas would definitely not be answered. Hence for starters we should know that what we are asking for should be halal according to the Islamic Shariah. No one should pray for death. [3]


[edit]
Cutting of the ties of kinship

“A person’s Dua will continue to be answered so long as he does not pray for something sinful or for the breaking of family ties.” Narrated by Muslim. [23]
Muhammad said: “The supplication of a slave continues to be granted as long as he does not supplicate for a sinful thing or for something that would cut off the ties of kinship and he does not grow impatient.”[citation needed] [24]
[edit]
Making Dua conditional

The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Let not any one of you say, ‘O Allah, forgive me if You will, O Allah, have mercy on me if You will.’ Let him be resolute in the matter, whilst knowing that no one can compel Allah to do anything.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim] [4] [25]


[edit]
Unconfirmed sources

These are the information or stories which the editors of Wikipedia have not used any authentic or trustful source yet.
[edit]
Neither enjoins good nor forbids evil:

Muhammad said, “By Him in Whose Hand my life is, you either enjoin good and forbid evil, or Allah will certainly soon send His punishment to you. Then you will make supplication and it will not be accepted.” (At-Tirmidhi) [26]
[edit]
God test human by not accepting Duas

Allah tests His creation in many ways. Many a times our prayers are not answered as swiftly as we desire because Allah wants to test our patience. God might pause a certain Dua to see if the worshipper still continues to pray and have faith in God.
[edit]
Over-stepping instead of being specific

Be specific and use concise words instead of overstepping the mark in making Dua. Narrated from Abd-Allaah ibn Mughaffal (R.A) that he heard his son say: “O Allah, I ask You for the white palace on the right side of Paradise if I enter it.” He said: “O my son, ask Allah for Paradise and seek refuge with Allah from the Fire, for I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him) say: ‘Among this Ummah will be people who overstep the mark in purifying themselves and in making Dua” [Narrated by Abu Dawood, 690] [5]


[edit]
Durood

It was narrated by Faddaalah ibn Ubayd (R.A) that The Prophet (peace be upon Him) heard a man making Dua after his prayer, but he did not send blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon Him). The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “This man is in a hurry.” Then he called him and said to him or to someone else: “When any one of you has finished praying (and makes Dua), let him start by praising Allah, then let him send blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon Him), then after that let him ask for whatever he wants.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2765] [27]
[edit]
Allah answers our Duas by not answering them

Allah accepts many Duas by not accepting them. Many duas are not accepted for our own good. A person may wish to have a car or motor-cycle, but what-if he has an accident. A worshipper may want to become rich but whatif he starts to cheat people after that. A person may want to marry someone, but what if that person that he/she wants to marry uses domestic violence or gives STDs.


[edit]
Rewards in exchage for Doas

If we do not get quick response for our Duas; still we need to Pray because the Dua can have these meanings.
It was narrated from Abu Saeed (R.A) that the Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “There is no Muslim who does not offer any Dua in which there is no sin or severing of family ties but Allah will give him one of three things in return: either He will answer his Dua sooner, or he will store it up for him in the Hereafter, or He will divert an equivalent evil away from him because of it.” They said: “We will say a lot of Dua.” The Prophet (peace be upon Him) said: “Allah is more generous.” [Narrated by Ahmad, 10749] [28]
[edit]
Other optional Etiquette

There are various other optional techniques and etiquettes in the Quran and Sunnah for Du'a. Those who wish to do can do and those who wish to avoid can skip. Listed here are a limited few and just a fraction of ettiquettes of du'a that scholars have found in reference to in the Quran and Sunnah.


[edit]
Raising one's hands

Raising one's hands is an encouraged option. There are many hadith that describe how Muhammad raised his hands during du'a. Some hadith describe him having raised his hands way up high in emergency situations. Many scholars agree that if it is not an extreme situation that Muhammad did not raise his hands above his head. The exact manner that many scholars in Islam describe how high the hands should be raised during a regular Du'a is up to the shoulders with palms placed together. Scholars however agree that there are two authentic ways of raising one's hands: when not in drastic conditions the palms of one's hands should be turned up facing the skies, whilst the back of one's hands are facing the ground, then the du'a can be "recited". One must also make sure to face the Qiblah (direction of prayer), whilst making du'a. The second way agreed upon by scholars is to have the palms facing one's face; once again one must face the Qiblah, but this time the back of one's hands should also face the Qiblah.

Evidence for facing the Qiblah during du'a can be found in Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim-

Abdullah ibn Zayd narrated: 'The Prophet left (Madinah) to this prayer, seeking rain. So he made a du'a, and asked for rain, then he faced the qiblah and turned his cloak inside-out' Sahih al-Bukhari #6343, Muslim #894 and others
[edit]
Facing the Qiblah

The Qiblah is the direction that Muslims face while performing salah. Facing the Qiblah is an encouraged option. It has been reported in hadith that Muhammad faced the Qiblah while making du'a as narrated in several hadith.[citation needed]

There are also well-known[citation needed] Sahih hadith which narrate that it is forbidden to lift one's eyes towards the sky in prayer.

Abu Huraira(ra) reported: People should avoid lifting their eyes towards the sky while supplicating in prayer, otherwise their eyes can be snatched away.[29]
[edit]
Wiping the Face

Once the du'a has been completed, it is most common for the supplicant to wipe their face with their hands, and this act signals the end of the du’a. However, this practice is objected to by others,[30] based upon a number of reasons. These reasons include: the wiping of the face is an innovation because there are no authentic hadiths which state that Muhammad ever did it or ordered his followers to do it.[31] Also, in du’a al-Qunut, Muhammad was never reported to have wiped his face after completing the du’a, or to have ordered his followers to do so.[31] Finally, there are many authentic hadiths regarding du’a and none of them mention wiping the face at all                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

 

Preview of picture in folder Mix